AngularJS

AngularJS is a very powerful JavaScript Framework. It is used in Single Page Application (SPA) projects. It extends HTML DOM with additional attributes and makes it more responsive to user actions. AngularJS is open source, completely free, and used by thousands of developers around the world.

AngularJS is a structural framework for dynamic web apps. It lets you use HTML as your template language and lets you extend HTML's syntax to express your application's components clearly and succinctly. AngularJS's data binding and dependency injection eliminate much of the code you would otherwise have to write.

Why AngularJS?

If you want to speed up your development process, look no beyond than Angularjs. This multifunctional framework is the best way to create single page applications wherein data and view are distinguished as per the MVC pattern. The functionalities of Angular like two-way data binding, dependency injection and deep linking makes it the most powerful and robust platform for the developers to work on.

1. Large community

Angular.js has a huge community. It includes both members of the core development team and those who just stopped by to make some fixes or suggest few improvements for an open-source framework. Conferences devoted to Angular.js are hold worldwide, it is discussed at hackathons and in various IT communities. There are many books and online resources on AngularJS for developers. For clients it means that by choosing Angular.js you will not only become trendy but also won’t have problems with finding developers for supporting your project.

2. Declarative code style

Declarative paradigm is used for creating patterns in Angular.js. It makes code more lightweight, as well as easier to read and support since instead of describing all the steps needed for achieve something, we describe only the necessary end result.

3. Using directives

As its pattern language Angular.js uses HTML. It is expanded with directives that add into the code information about the necessary behavior (for example, that it is necessary to load certain module just after the page is loaded). Directives make you focus on creating logics and thus allow you to work more productively. You can reuse them in order to improve code readability.

4. Fast development time

Angular enables fast development time. Additionally, by using the right methodology, the framework can be ideally utilized for making big applications.

5. MVC out of the box

AngularJS uses MVC architectural pattern that separates application logics, view and data, Model-View-Controller Scheme. It allows to create single page applications. Angular.js has $http service for communicating with remote HTTP servers using XMLHttpRequest and JSONP requests. When transferring JavaScript object to the server, it is automatically transformed into JSON string. When getting response, service also tries to transform JSON string into JavaScript. Using $http you can create your own service with full control over URL and data processing.

6. SPA-oriented features

Angular.js and SPAs simply belong together. For example, Angular.js provides forms validation capabilities. If a page uses forms, FormController writes down their states. Using this data we can change behavior of the HTML elements in UI, for example, hide button Clear form if it is empty). Angular.js has build-in validators for error handling (required, ng-required, ng-minlength, ng-pattern, etc.) but you can create your own validators if you need them. It is possible to show error messages for the whole form or for separate fields. Patterns and templates in Angular.js are made of HTML code complemented with Angular.js elements and attributes. Framework complements pattern with data from the model to show the user a dynamic page. Angular.js uses filters for processing data and formatting values received from the model. They allow you to show user only necessary information without changing the source data.

7. Modularity

In Angular.js you can create applications combining separate modules. Such modules can depend on each other or be autonomous. For example, in latter case you can use Facebook login module in several parts of the application, such as login and order page. Thanks to the build-in dependencies implementation mechanism Angular.js independently identifies situation when additional objects should be provided, provides them and binds them together.

8. Ready-made solutions

What’s important, there’re various solutions for Angular.js that solve a variety of tasks with ready-made modules. For example, there’re several modules for routing, with ui-router being the most popular one or you can use ui-grid and ng-table for working with tables. Since AngularJS doesn’t require you to follow strict project structure, you can create applications with a pretty varied structure. It is also possible to use AngularJS for creating so called hybrid applications. You can learn about using AngularJS for mobile development here.

9. Two-way data binding

Angular.js uses two-way data binding: any changes in user interface immediately influence application objects and vice versa. When framework encounters browser events, module changes and user actions on the page, it outright updates the necessary patterns. At the same time there’s no need to store links to DOM elements and directly manipulate them. We simply describe the result with model state terms and don’t need to use low-level constructions.

10. Testing simplicity

Parts of the application are placed inside Angular.js modules that are easy to manipulate. Module separation allows you to load only necessary services and effectively perform automatic testing. Also, if you follow “one file — one module” principle, there’s no need to remember module loading order.

Controllers

In AngularJS, the controller is where the behavior of your application is located. Controllers are used to populate the scope with all the necessary data for the view. Using proper separation of concerns, controllers should never contain anything related to the DOM.

Scope

The scope is used to link the controllers and the views to which they are binded. A controller can add data and function in its scope and then they will be accessible in the view.

Routes

If you want to navigate to different pages in your application, but you also want the application to be a SPA (Single Page Application), with no page reloading, you can use the ngRoute module.

Directives

Directives are one of the most powerful feature of AngularJS. They allow you to extend HTML to answer the needs of web applications. Directives let you specify how your page should be structured for the data available in a given scope.